Acne Treatment in Chennai

Acne Scar Removal in Chennai

We all consider Acne as just pimples. Acne normally occurs due to the pores getting clogged. Oil, dirt, and dead skin cells on the surface of your skin clog your pores and take the form of pimples. Normally, dead skin cells rise to the surface of the pore, and the body sheds the cells. Rather than rising to the surface, these cells can sometimes become trapped within the pore. This leads to formation of acne.

Acne generally occurs on the face, neck, back, chest, shoulders, upper arms, and buttocks. Although it can be seen in all ages it is more common among teenagers and young adults. Many people with mild acne or pimples manage their condition with lifestyle changes or home remedies.

Causes of Acne

  • Genetic
  • Hormones
  • Bacteria
  • Cosmetics
  • Food Allergies or Sensitivities
  • Disturbed Skin Barrier Function
  • Underlying health problems like candida, thyroid problems, diabetes, digestive imbalances, and metabolism.
  • Stress, Lack of Sleep
  • Overly Active Sebaceous Glands
  • Diet
  • Toxins through constipation or poor liver/kidney/intestinal function can result in acne.

Signs of Acne

Acne can take forms like -

  • Blackheads
  • Whiteheads
  • Papules
  • Pustules (Pimples)
  • Cysts
  • Nodules

Treatment for Acne

Treatment varies in the type of Acne -

  • Topical medications like lotions, gels, and creams can be used for mild Acne
  • Oral medications also called systemic treatments in the form of antibiotics can help improve acne.
  • Isotretinoin, a strong drug in the retinoid family commonly used to treat moderate to severe acne that doesn’t respond to topical agents. It is mostly used for people with severe cystic acne.
  • Chemical Peel and Microdermabrasion -If you have mild to moderate acne, such as whiteheads or blackheads, it can be rectified with Chemical peels and microdermabrasion which remove the top layer of your skin with the solution.
  • Drainage and Extraction -If you have cystic or inflammatory acne under your skin, it can be treated with drainage and extraction through which large cysts are manually drained. It removes fluids, dirt, pus, and dead skin inside the cyst which reduces infection and pain. The doctor may inject antibiotics or a steroid into the cyst to reduce the risk of scarring and speedy recovery.
  • Laser therapy - Also, FDA-approved laser therapy can be used to treat acne like blackheads, whiteheads, and some pimples which reduce the number of bacteria on your skin.

Acne Treatments During Pregnancy

Treatment for pregnant women differs from others. Oral isotretinoin can cause severe side effects. This medication given during pregnancy can increase the risk of depression and suicidal thoughts, also affects the cholesterol levels and liver function. Also, it increases the risk of blood clots and high blood pressure.

Side Effects

Side effects of acne treatments depend on the method and the strength of the medication. Topical acne drugs sometimes may lead to skin dryness and irritation which can be improved with medication recommended by the doctor. The potential side effects of oral medications can be more serious at times and antibiotics may cause stomach upset or make you dizzy and lightheaded especially if a woman becomes pregnant while taking it.

Acne is a common problem but it can be frustrating and emotionally challenging at times. Proper treatment can help you control as well as avoid post acne complications.

Authored By Dr.Senthil Sivaprakasam - Dermatology MBBS MD, Chennai